About Ethanol

Overview of biofuels obligations in the EU

2020 national biofuels policies

Use of biofuels in the EU varies by Member State, depending on how countries choose to meet their targets for renewables in transport and for reduction of greenhouse-gas intensity of fuels under the Fuel Quality Directive. Some Member States set an overall biofuels incorporation target; some set separate targets for biofuels in petrol or diesel or both; others rely solely on targets for the reduction of carbon intensity in fuels.

The chart below includes detailed biofuels obligations for all EU Member States and the U.K.. To download the full table of biofuels obligations in 2020, click here.

Country

Type

Minimum overall biofuel target (of which advanced) (%)

Biofuel in petrol (of which advanced) (%)

Biofuel in diesel (of which advanced) (%)

Reduction of GHG intensity of fuels (%)

Austria

Energy

5.75 (0.5)

3.4

6.3

-6

Belgium

Energy

9.55 (0.1)

6.5

6.5

-6

Bulgaria

Volume

Energy

-

(0.05)

9.0

-

6.0 (1.0)

-

-6

Croatia

Energy

8.81 (0.1)

-

-

-6

Cyprus

Energy

2.5 (0.1)

-

-

-6

Czechia

Volume

-

4.1

6.0

-6

Denmark

Energy

7.6 (0.14)

5

-

-6

Estonia

Energy

10 (0.5)

-

-

-6

Finland

Energy

20 (0.5)

-

-

-6

France

Energy

-

8.2 (0.7)

8.0

-6

Germany

Energy

- (0.5)

-

-

-6

Greece

Volume

Energy

- (0.2)

-

-

5.0 [1]

7.0

-


-6

Hungary

Energy

8.2

6.2 [2]

-

-6

Ireland

Volume

11 (0.25)

-

-

-6

Italy

Energy

9.0 (0.9)

-

-

-6

Latvia

Volume

- (0.5)

9.5 - 10 [2]

6.5-7 [3]

-6

Lithuania

Volume

- (0.5)

10.0

7.0

-6

Luxembourg

Energy

7.7 [4]

-

-

-6

Malta

Energy

10 (0.5)

-

-

-6

Netherlands

Energy

16.5 (1 [5])

-

-

-6

Poland

Energy

8.5 (0.1)

3.2

4.9

-6

Portugal

Volume

10[1] (0.5)

-

-

-6

Romania

Volume

-

8.0

6.5

-6

Slovakia

Volume

Energy

-

7.6 (0.5)

9.0

-

6.9

-

-6

Slovenia

Energy

10.0 (0.5)

-

-

-6

Spain

Energy

8.5 [4] (0.1)

-

-

-6

Sweden

-

-

-

-

Petrol -4.2

Diesel -21

UK

Volume

9.75 [6]

-

-

-6

[1] Under discussion
[2] For 95 octane petrol
[3] With exemption in winter
[4] 7.7% before double counting- 9.7% after double counting. It can be lowered to 6 %. Advanced biofuels must represent at least 35% of the biofuels mix after double counting
[5] Incl. double counting
[6] Including the 0.15% sub-target for development fuels, which does not mirror Annex IX-A