Sustainable biofuels are among the best solutions available for decarbonising transport and mitigating climate change, according to a new study.
Published as the EU legislates its renewable energy policy for the 2020-2030 period, the report from the Open Lab Mobility think tank and leading consultancy firm Ernst & Young examines seven clean mobility solutions for tackling climate change.
The Open Lab research confirms that the transport sector’s status as one of the leading emitters of CO2 is expected to become even more challenging in coming decades “due to a growing demand, recurring oil dependency and the difficulty of achieving largescale commercialization of new technologies such as electric vehicles.”
That means policymakers need to act now to use all available solutions for reducing the carbon footprint of transport.
“This study shows that Governments and the private sector can achieve significant results by working together to implement the right enabling environment, provide positive incentives to foster change, and promote the large-scale development of innovative solutions,” the report’s authors write.
Among today’s best-performing options, the report states, are sustainable biofuels, which could contribute up to 14% of the GHG reduction needed to meet the Paris goals. “They are contributing to reducing the carbon footprint of the current rolling stock. While efforts are being pursued in the development of new forms of biofuels, the production and commercialization of biofuels is already a key contributor to the achievement of the ‘beyond 2°C scenario’” of climate change mitigation.