Resources & Statistics

Legislative Documents


Directives and Regulations


Regulation on Governance of the Energy Union and Climate Action

21 December, 2018

Directive (2018/2001/EU) of the European parliament and of the council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources

11 December, 2018

Renewable Energy Directive (Directive 2009/28/EC) consolidated

01 January, 2016

Renewable Energy Directive (2009/28/EC) amended by Council Directive 2013/18/EU of 13 May 2013 and Directive 2015/1513 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 September 2015 which was published on 15 September 2015.

Fuel Quality Directive (2009/30/EC) consolidated and Council Directive implementing art. 7a (2015/652)

01 January, 2016

Fuel Quality Directive (Directive 2009/30/EC) amended by Council Directive 2013/18/EU of 13 May 2013 and Directive 2015/1513 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 September 2015 which was published on 15 September 2015.

Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (2014/94/EU)

01 January, 2016

Alternative Fuels Infrastructure Directive (2014/94/EU) on the deployment of alternative fuels infrastructure. Published on 22 October 2014.


Sustainability criteria for biofuels


Decisions approving voluntary schemes

Last update: 20 August, 2019

Voluntary schemes help to ensure that biofuels are sustainably produced by verifying that they comply with the EU sustainability criteria. As such, the schemes check that:

  • production of biofuel feedstock does not take place on land with high biodiversity
  • land with a high amount of carbon has not been converted for biofuel feedstock production
  • biofuel production leads to sufficient greenhouse gas emissions savings

Several schemes also take into account additional sustainability aspects such as soil, water, air protection and social criteria. For the certification process, an external auditor verifies the whole production chain from the farmer growing the feedstock to the biofuel producer or trader.

While the schemes are run privately, the European Commission can recognise them as valid.

Commission Decision on information about biofuels and bioliquids to be submitted by economic operators to Member States (2011/13/EU)

01 January, 2016

COMMISSION DECISION of 12 January 2011 on certain types of information about biofuels and bioliquids to be submitted by economic operators to Member States. Published on 12 January 2011.

Commission Communication on voluntary schemes and default values in the EU biofuels and bioliquids sustainability scheme (2010/C160/01)

01 January, 2016

Communication from the Commission on voluntary schemes and default values in the EU biofuels and bioliquids sustainability scheme. Published on 19 June 2010.

Communication from the Commission on the practical implementation of the EU biofuels and bioliquids sustainability scheme and on counting rules for biofuels (2010/C160/02)

01 January, 2016

Communication from the Commission on the practical implementation of the EU biofuels and bioliquids sustainability scheme and on counting rules for biofuels. Published on 19 June 2010.

Commission Decision on guidelines for the calculation of land carbon stocks (2010/335/EU)

01 January, 2016

COMMISSION  DECISION of  10  June  2010 on  guidelines  for  the  calculation  of  land  carbon  stocks  for  the  purpose  of  Annex  V  to  Directive 2009/28/EC. Published on 10 June 2010.

Commission Regulation on defining the criteria and geographic ranges of highly biodiverse grassland (2014/1307/EU)

01 January, 2016

COMMISSION REGULATION (EU) No 1307/2014 of 8 December 2014 on defining the criteria and geographic ranges of highly biodiverse grassland for the purposes of Article 7b(3)(c) of Directive 98/70/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council relating to the quality of petrol and diesel fuels and Article 17(3)(c) of Directive 2009/28/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the promotion of the use of energy from renewable sources. Published on 8 December 2014.